Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH or Pseudotumor Cerebri)

IIH is elevated pressure in the brain without an underlying cause.  It can cause headaches and swelling of the optic nerve, which can be seen on eye examination, along with vision loss.

Symptoms can include

  • Headaches
  • Blurred vision

Pseudotumor cerebri Treatment

Medical evaluation is important to exclude underlying causes of elevated pressure in the brain, to monitor visual function and to consider treatment to improve vision and headaches. Treatment is aimed at lowering pressure with medications, surgery or a combination of both.

Ocular Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune condition in which the communication between nerves and muscles is impaired.  It commonly affects the muscles in the eyelids and behind the eyes to cause droopy eyelids and double vision.  It can also affect muscles in the rest of the body.

Symptoms Can Include

  • Droopy eyelids
  • Double vision
  • Weakness

Ocular Myasthenia Gravis Treatment

Medical evaluation is important to confirm the diagnosis and consider treatment to improve the symptoms.  Treatment may involve a variety of  medications.