The Truth Behind Glaucoma Part 2: How Is Glaucoma Caused?

January 30, 2016

GlaucomaIn part one of our three-part blog series, we discussed the three prominent kinds of glaucoma including open-angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma, angle closure glaucoma. Now that we are familiar with the different types of glaucoma, it’s important to know how it is caused. Genetics, fluid buildup, and pressure in the eyes are all contributory factors to glaucoma. Read on to learn more.

Genetics: Although glaucoma is typically associated with individuals who are 40 years and older, more recent research points to the fact that glaucoma has some genetic ties as well. Specifically, certain types of glaucoma can affect infants and young children which are most predominantly linked to genetics. If you have a family history of glaucoma, it’s important that you get checked on a regular basis.

  • Fluid Buildup: As the most common cause of glaucoma, fluid buildup occurs when the fluid in the eyes doesn’t drain quickly. Once the fluid builds up, the pressure within the eye rises. And if the pressure in the eyes isn’t controlled, the optic nerve in the eye can become damaged, or worse, can lead to permanent vision loss further down the line.
  • Increased Eye Pressure: Although increased eye pressure is something that is typically present in individuals who are diagnosed with glaucoma; it is very possible for someone with glaucoma to not have any eye pressure at all.

One of the biggest things to realize about glaucoma is that it is a multi-faceted eye disease that can be caused by many things. However, typically caused by things like genetics, fluid build-up, and on most occasions, increased eye pressure, it’s easy to narrow down the reasons. To help ensure that you are not developing glaucoma or that you are not genetically predisposed to it, make sure that you are visiting the experts at Millennium Park Eye Center on a regular basis to receive eye exams. To learn more about glaucoma and other eye diseases, contact Millennium Park Eye Center today!


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